Muriel Conan ENVA 18-10-04
CITES meeting will determine future for many species
1) Prepare before listening.
a) Quels champs lexicaux puis mots de vocabulaire pensez-vous trouver dans le document ?
b) Les mots suivants sont tirés du document, connaissez-vous leur traduction ?
- Espèces en voie de disparition, menacé, commerce, représentant, accord, produits dérivés, ivoire, corne, chasse à la baleine, braconnage, contrebandier
2) Listen to the document.
Listen as often as you need : take notes about general ideas and then details that seem relevant to you.
3) Test how much you remember.
You shouldn’t be listening anymore at this stage.
4) Store the vocabulary.
5) Read more. Cites’ website
Espèces en voie de disparition : endangered species
Menacé : threatened
Commerce : trade
Représentant : delegate
Accord : agreement
produits dérivés : by-product
ivoire : ivory
corne : horn
chasse à la baleine : whaling
braconnage : poaching
contrebandier : smuggler
CITES Meeting Will Determine
Future for Many Species
The future of some of the world's most exotic animals, such as the
elephant, lion, whale and dolphin, is coming under focus as delegates gather in
Since it came into being nearly 30 years ago, it is has helped preserve scores of endangered species of animals and plants by restricting international trade in them and their by-products.
During the two-week CITES meeting in the Thai capital, delegates will debate tightening trade restrictions on dozens of species. Hundreds of trade lobbyists are also participating, adding to the debate.
US National Zoo photo
Ronald Ornestein, a member of Humane Society International and an expert on the CITES treaty, says that because governments answer to a variety of constituencies, politics plays a big role in the convention.
"The most important thing that we will be looking for is the overall pattern, whether or not this is going to be a trend toward better and better protection for wildlife, or whether the forces who are trying to have more and more trade will seize the high ground," he said.
One of the
most heated debates is expected to be over whaling.
The 15-year-old ban on the ivory trade also is expected to come under fire.
But conservationists such as Shelley Petch of the Born Free Foundation oppose the proposal. She said, "Between 1979 and 1989 the African elephant population declined by 50 percent from 1.3 million to around 600 thousand and declined almost entirely as a result of illegal poaching for ivory."
US National Zoo photo
Ms. Petch says that despite the ban, 95 tons of ivory were seized in the past five years, representing the deaths of 15,000 elephants.
East and West African nations, where elephant populations remain dangerously low, want to maintain the complete ban. They argue that allowing even limited ivory sales will provide a market that will encourage poaching everywhere.
Among the new species being proposed for protection is the great white shark, which has reportedly declined by up to 50 percent.
the humphead wrasse, a large coral reef fish that is a delicacy in
Linda Paul of the Earthtrust Foundation notes that the humphead wrasse fetches $180 a kilogram but its market, of about $180 million, is small.
fish is far more valuable to countries such as
CITES expert professor Ornestein acknowledges that it is difficult to control trade in exotic species as long as the demand for them continues among wealthy populations.
"There are two ways to deal with that and they are difficult, no question," he said. "One is public education. Another is providing alternatives."
that education campaigns in Western countries virtually eliminated demand for
ivory 10 years ago. And he says that efforts are under way in
Professor Ornestein says that restricting trade in exotic species also encourages the people living with the animals and plants to use them for something else, such as ecotourism. And it eliminates the profits of smugglers and middlemen, who make the bulk of the money from the trade.